About Us

Rebooting Computing is a project sponsored by the National Science Foundation, through Dr. Peter Denning at the Naval Postgraduate School, to develop awareness and an action plan to tackle the issues surrounding the decline in computer science in the United States. The project is opening up a conversation across a broad computer science community, with both a face-to-face summit with Appreciative Inquiry methodology as well as a broader community of education, government, and industry stakeholders.

The Design Team

Peter Denning

Peter Denning is a Distinguished Professor at the Naval Postgraduate School in Monterey, California. He chairs the Computer Science Department and directs the Cebrowski Institute, an interdisciplinary research center for innovation and information superiority. In the 1990s he was at George Mason University, where he was vice provost, associate dean, CS department chair, and founder of the Center for the New Engineer. In the 1980s, he was the founding director of the Research Institute for Advanced Computer Science at NASA-Ames, and was co-founder of CSNET.

He received a PhD from MIT and BEE from Manhattan College. He was president of the Association for Computing Machinery (ACM) 1980-82. As chair of the ACM publications board 1992-98, he was project leader for the ACM digital library, now the ACM's crown jewel. In 1967 he discovered the locality principle for referencing storage objects and used it to invent the influential working set model for program behavior; his original paper was named to the ACM SIGOPS Hall of Fame in 2005. He helped establish virtual memory as a permanent part of operating systems. He contributed important extensions to operational analysis, an approach to computer system performance prediction.

He leads the Great Principles of Computing Project, which is identifying the scientific theories of computing and applying them to curriculum innovation. He also co-leads an Innovation Project that has identified and teaches the seven foundational practices of innovation. He has published 7 books and 315 articles on computers, networks, and their operating systems. He is working on two more books, one on the foundational practices of innovation and the other on the great principles of computing. In 2002, he was named one of the top 5 best teachers at George Mason University and the best teacher in the School of Information Technology and Engineering.

In 2003, he received one of Virginia's 10 outstanding faculty awards. He holds three honorary degrees, three professional society fellowships, two best-paper awards, three distinguished service awards, the ACM Outstanding Contribution Award, the ACM SIGCSE Outstanding CS Educator Award, and the prestigious ACM Karl Karlstrom Outstanding Educator Award. In 2007 ACM gave him a special award for 40 years of continuous volunteer service and the NSF gave him one of two Distinguished Education Fellow awards.

Frank J. Barrett

Frank J. Barrett, Ph. D.is currently a Visiting Scholar at Harvard Business School where he works in the Program on Negotiations. He is also Professor of Management in the Graduate School of Business and Public Policy at the Naval Postgraduate School in Monterey, California and has been Area Chair of the Management group since 2004. He received his BA in Government and International Relations from the University of Notre Dame, his MA in English from the University of Notre Dame, and his PhD in Organizational Behavior from Case Western Reserve University. He has served on the faculties of Tilburg University (Netherlands), Katholieke University of Leuven in Belgium, Penn State University Behrend College, Case Western Reserve University, and Benedictine University.

Frank consulted to various organizations including Harvard University, Boeing, The U. S. Navy, Ford Motor Manufacturing Division, Ford Motor Information Strategy Group, Bell South, Granite Construction, GlaxxoWelcom, General Electric, British Petroleum, Nokia, Johnson and Johnson, Price Waterhouse Coopers, BBC, The Council of Great Lakes Governors, Omni Hotels, The Cleveland Clinic Foundation, and University Hospitals of Cleveland.

Frank has written and lectured widely on social constructionism, appreciative inquiry, organizational change, jazz improvisation and organizational learning. He is co-author, with Ron Fry, of Appreciative Inquiry: Appreciative Inquiry:  A Positive Approach to Building Cooperative Capacity.  He has published articles on metaphor, masculinity, improvisation, organizational change and organizational development in the Journal of Applied Behavioral Science; Human Relations; Organization Science, and Organizational Dynamics as well as numerous book chapters.  He wrote "Generative Metaphor Intervention: A New Approach to Intergroup Conflict" (with David Cooperrider) which won the award for best paper from the Organizational Development and Change Division of the Academy of Management in 1988.  He won the best paper award again in 2003 for “Planning on Spontaneity: Lessons from Jazz for a Democratic Theory of Change,” a paper he co-authored with Mary Jo Hatch.   He is co-editor of Appreciative Inquiry and Organizational Transformation (Vermont: Greenwood Books, 2001).

He is also an active jazz pianist. In addition to leading his own trios and quartets, he has traveled extensively in the United States, England, and Mexico with the Tommy Dorsey Orchestra.

Tim Bell

Tim Bell is an Associate Professor in the department of Computer Science and Software Engineering at the University of Canterbury in Christchurch, New Zealand. His current research interests include computers and music, public understanding of (computer) science, educational applications of podcasting, and compressed file searching. From 1999 to 2004 he was the Head of the Department of Computer Science at Canterbury.

He received the Science Communicator Award from the NZ Association of Scientists in 1999, and an inaugural New Zealand Tertiary Teaching Excellence Award in 2002. He has appeared with his "Computer Science Unplugged" show at the Edinburgh International Science Festival, the Dunedin International Science Festival, and the Australian Science Festival.

In the past his main area was data compression, and he has served as an expert witness in major US litigations about data compression. He still oversees the Canterbury Corpus for evaluating lossless compression systems. He is the author or co-author of about 70 journal and conference papers, and several books including ``Text Compression’’ (Prentice Hall, 1990), ``Managing Gigabytes: Compressing and Indexing Documents and Images’’ (Morgan Kaufmann, 1994, 1999), and `` The Burrows-Wheeler Transform: data compression, suffix arrays, and pattern matching’’ (Springer, 2008).

His ``Computer Science Unplugged'' project is well-known internationally, and the books and videos have been translated into several languages. He is a Guest Professor of Huazhong University of Science and Technology in Wuhan, China. He is also a qualified musician, and performs regularly on instruments that have black-and-white keyboards.

Geoff Brown

Geoff Brown is CEO and cofounder of Machine-to-Machine Intelligence (m2mi) Corporation. Before m2mi, Geoff was Director, Grid Technologies at Oracle Corporation. He has been an advocate of grid computing for several years and has spoken about grids at conferences such as XML DevCon 200x, Grid Computing Planet 2002, and Semantic Technology Conference 200x. Geoff was also a principal architect of Oracle Message Broker.

Machine-to-Machine Intelligence (m2mi) Corp is a partner-centric company that enables companies to automate operations of vast, global networks of computers and networked equipment. Machines in an m2mi environment interoperate seamlessly, because each is augmented with knowledge of its own behavior and can communicate with all others. Information, communication, and intelligence enables global system awareness and adaptive control.

Their technology evolved from pioneering work conducted by Stanford University and DARPA. Armed with significant advances, their solutions enable machines to assess their own behavior and intelligently adapt it. They fully automate global system awareness and intelligent adaptive control. Equipped with m2mi's situation and behavior models, m2mi-enabled systems provide human managers simple, intelligible, decision-oriented situation analysis.

m2mi's entire solution stack rests on a secure trust model. Their technology answers the question, "How can we control our systems when their scale and speed exceed our human capacities to monitor, understand, and alter their behavior in predictable ways?" m2mi enables executives and managers to assure that their global systems behave adaptively and effectively.

Geoff earned his BSC (Honors) in Applied Computing, Performance Optimization, and Tuning of RDBMS at Manchester Metropolitan University, England. He earned his BTec ND and HNC at North Cheshire College, England.

Vint Cerf

Vinton G. Cerf is vice president and Chief Internet Evangelist for Google. He is responsible for identifying new enabling technologies and applications on the Internet and other platforms for the company.

Widely known as a "Father of the Internet," Vint is the co-designer with Robert Kahn of TCP/IP protocols and basic architecture of the Internet. In 1997, President Clinton recognized their work with the U.S. National Medal of Technology. In 2005, Vint and Bob received the highest civilian honor bestowed in the U.S., the Presidential Medal of Freedom. It recognizes the fact that their work on the software code used to transmit data across the Internet has put them "at the forefront of a digital revolution that has transformed global commerce, communication, and entertainment."

From 1994-2005, Vint served as Senior Vice President at MCI. Prior to that, he was Vice President of the Corporation for National Research Initiatives (CNRI), and from 1982-86 he served as Vice President of MCI. During his tenure with the U.S. Department of Defense's Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) from 1976-1982, Vint played a key role leading the development of Internet and Internet-related data packet and security technologies.

Since 2000, Vint has served as chairman of the board of the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) and he has been a Visiting Scientist at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory since 1998. He served as founding president of the Internet Society (ISOC) from 1992-1995 and was on the ISOC board until 2000. Vint is a Fellow of the IEEE, ACM, AAAS, the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, the International Engineering Consortium, the Computer History Museum and the National Academy of Engineering.

Vint has received numerous awards and commendations in connection with his work on the Internet, including the Marconi Fellowship, Charles Stark Draper award of the National Academy of Engineering, the Prince of Asturias award for science and technology, the Alexander Graham Bell Award presented by the Alexander Graham Bell Association for the Deaf, the A.M. Turing Award from the Association for Computer Machinery, the Silver Medal of the International Telecommunications Union, and the IEEE Alexander Graham Bell Medal, among many others.

He holds a Ph.D. in Computer Science from UCLA and more than a dozen honorary degrees.

Robb Cutler

Robb Cutler is the CEO of Tutor Crossing, a small start-up that provides business services to private tutors. He is also president of the the Computer Science Teachers Association, an international membership association of K-12 computer science teachers.

After working for several high-tech companies in New England and building his own successful software consulting company, he started, grew, and then sold an Internet Service Provider known for its friendliness and emphasis on customer service.

Switching careers and coasts, Robb and his family moved to California where he taught Advanced Placement Computer Science and was the Assistant Head of School at The Harker School in San Jose. Between 2002 and 2004, he more than doubled the size of Harker's AP Computer Science program while also enrolling double the national average of girls. His program was recognized by the College Board in the inaugural Advanced Placement Report to the Nation as an exemplary program leading the world in preparing students for the study of computer science. Robb also co-authored an AP test preparation book for computer science.

In addition to his work with CSTA, Robb volunteers on the board of the Inner Growth Center, an organization that helps children and families with their emotional growth and development. Robb is a member of the ACM Education Council and has been a member of the ACM CSTA Steering Committee and the ACM Java Task Force.

Robb graduated from Hawken School and earned a B.A. in Computer Science and a B.A. in German from Dartmouth College. He is currently pursuing a Masters in Computer Science from the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.

He lives in San Jose with his wife, five children, and Charlie, a poodle-terrier mix who likes nothing better than to stick his head out the car window on the way to Tutor Crossing every morning.

John Dunnion

John Dunnion is a Senior Lecturer (approx = Associate Professor) in the School of Compute Science and Informatics (formerly the Department of Computer Science) in University College Dublin (UCD), Ireland. He is a graduate of Computer Science from UCD in the early 1980s. After graduating, he spent some time working on a research project in the Department of Computer Science, University of Manchester, England and some time studying in Technische Universität München, Germany. On returning to Ireland and UCD, he worked as a researcher on a European research project before spending a number of years working as a Computer Systems Manager. He was appointed to the academic staff in 1991. He has lectured at all levels and to all years on the undergraduate programmes and on postgraduate programmes in UCD and in other Irish universities.

He has also lectured abroad, in Sri Lanka and, most recently (October-December 2007), in Fudan University, Shanghai. John is a committed and dedicated teacher and is currently working towards obtaining a Graduate Diploma in University Teaching and Learning. John's main research area is that of Intelligent Information Retrieval, which he defines as the application of Artificial Intelligence techniques, in particular Computational Linguistic techniques, to improve the effectiveness and efficiency of Information Retrieval. He is Joint Director, with a colleague, Joe Carthy, of the Intelligent Information Retrieval Group (IIRG), which at its peak had well over 20 members, staff and students. John has supervised a number of MSc and PhD students, and he and his group have participated in many of the important text-based retrieval initiatives, including TREC, DUC and Pascal. He has been Principal Investigator in a number of national, European and worldwide projects, and has published in conferences and journals.

John is on the Executive Committee of the School of Computer Science and Informatics in UCD, and is on the Academic Council and Governing Authority of the University. He is on the Executive Committee of the Academic Staff Association in the University and has served as Vice-President on the National Executive of the Irish Federation of University Teachers.

Ron Fry

Ronald Fry, Ph.D, is Associate Professor of Organizational Behavior at Case Western Reserve University and Chairman of the Department of Organizational Behavior, ranked best in the world overall for the past five year period by the Financial Times. He has also been honored with the University Award for Outstanding Teacher in the Professional Schools and the Weatherhead School’s Lifetime Service Award. Ron is widely published in the areas of Organizational Development, Appreciative Inquiry, Team Building, Change Management, Executive Development and the role and functions of the CEO. He was part of the group that originated the Appreciative Inquiry approach and continues to both apply and study the applications of AI in the field. His most recent book is Appreciative Inquiry: A Positive Approach to Building Cooperative Capacity, with Frank Barrett. He also recently co-edited Appreciative Inquiry and Organizational Transformation: Reports from the field (Quorum, 2001) and the Handbook of Transformative Cooperation. With Professor David Cooperrider, he co-directs the CASE Weatherhead International Certificate Program in Appreciative Inquiry for the Betterment of Business and Society. He is Editor and Chief of the CASE Center for Business as Agent of Work Benefit’s global inquiry and directs the Center’s Institute for Advances in Appreciative Inquiry. He currently oversees AI applications in a variety of systems including World Vision, Lubrizol, Roadway Express, and the US Navy.

Susanne Hambrusch

Susanne E. Hambrusch is professor of computer sciences at Purdue University. She received the Diplom Ingenieur in Computer Science from the Technical University of Vienna, Austria, in 1977, and a Ph.D. in Computer Science from Penn State in 1982. In 1982, she joined the faculty at Purdue University.

Susanne Hambrusch’s research interests are in the area of parallel and distributed computation, data management and query processing in uncertain and mobile environments, and analysis of algorithms. She is a member of the editorial board for Parallel Computing and Information Processing Letters and a member of the External Advisory Boards at Virginia Tech and Georgia Tech. As a member of CRA-W, she serves as a director for CRA-W's undergraduate research programs. Her recognition’s include inaugural membership in the Purdue University Book of Great Teachers, a 2003 Outstanding Engineering Alumni Award from Pennsylvania State University, and 2004 TechPoint Mira Education Award Winner.

She served as the head of the Department of Computer Science at Purdue from 2002-2007. During that time, she introduced a number of outreach and retention programs to address declining enrollment and diminishing diversity in the undergraduate program. She is currently the PI of an NSF CPATH grant on “Science Education in Computational Thinking (SECANT) ,” a project developing a two-course sequence introducing science majors to computational thinking and to the role of computation in exploring and understanding of physical phenomena.

Susan Higgins

Susan Higgins is the Deputy Director of the Cebrowski Institute for Innovation and Information Superiority at the Naval Postgraduate School (NPS) in Monterey, CA, The Cebrowski Institute (http://www.nps.edu/cebrowski) supports cross-disciplinary research on emerging issues and technologies that enable global security in the information age. As a lecturer in the Information Science Department at the Naval Postgraduate School (NPS), she has taught courses in Command and Control, Space Systems, Technology and Innovation, and Network Centric Operations. As the Department of Defense (DoD) Transformation co-Chair at NPS from 2005-2008, she served as a node in a network of educators focused on growing the DoD’s next generation of leaders. A former US Navy Commander, she worked in the 1980s and 1990s in the areas of computing, satellite systems and communications, holding a variety of leadership jobs that moved the Navy from a platform focus to a network orientation for its operations. She helped launch the Navy’s Information Professional career field in 2001 and served as its first Chief Learning Officer until she retired from active duty in 2003. She also developed and taught one of the Navy’s first fully web-based, interactive distributed learning courses – Introduction to Space Systems. She holds a BA in History from the University of CA, Santa Barbara and an MS in Space Systems Operations from the Naval Postgraduate School.

Alan Kay

Alan Kay is one of the earliest pioneers of object-oriented programming, personal computing, and graphical user interfaces. His contributions been recognized with the Charles Stark Draper Prize of the National Academy of Engineering[1] “for the vision, conception, and development of the first practical networked personal computers,” the Alan. M. Turing Award from the Association of Computing Machinery “for pioneering many of the ideas at the root of contemporary object-oriented programming languages, leading the team that developed Smalltalk, and for fundamental contributions to personal computing,” and the Kyoto Prize from the Inamori Foundation “for creation of the concept of modern personal computing and contribution to its realization.” This work was done in the rich context of ARPA and Xerox PARC with many talented colleagues.

While at the ARPA project at the University of Utah in the late 60s, he invented dynamic object-oriented programming[2], was part of the original team that developed continuous tone 3D graphics, was the co-designer of the FLEX Machine[3], an early desktop computer with graphical user interface and object-oriented operating system, participated in the design of the ARPAnet, and inspired by children[4], conceived the Dynabook, a laptop personal computer for children of all ages.

At Xerox PARC he invented Smalltalk, the first completely object-oriented programming, authoring and operating system (which included the now ubiquitous overlapping window interface), instigated the bit-map screen, screen painting and animation, participated in desk-top publishing, other desktop media, and the development of the Alto, the first modern networked personal computer. This was part of the larger process at PARC that created an entire genre of personal computing including: the GUI, Ethernet, Laserprinting, modern word processing, client-servers and peer-peer networking.

He has a BA in Mathematics and Biology with minor concentrations in English and Anthropology from the University of Colorado, 1966. MS and PhD in Computer Science (1968 and 1969, both with distinction) from the University of Utah, and Honorary Doctorates from the Kungl Tekniska Hoegskolan in Stockholm, Columbia College in Chicago, and Georgia Tech.

He has been elected a Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, the National Academy of Engineering, the Royal Society of Arts, and the Computer History Museum.

Other honors include: J-D Warnier Prix d'Informatique, ACM Systems Software Award[5], NEC Computers & Communication Foundation Prize, Funai Foundation Prize, Lewis Branscomb Technology Award, the ACM SIGCSE Award for Outstanding Contributions to Computer Science Education, and the CRN Hall of Fame.

He has been a Xerox Fellow, Chief Scientist of Atari, Apple Fellow, Disney Fellow, and HP Senior Fellow. He is currently an Adjunct Professor of Computer Science at UCLA. In 2001 he founded Viewpoints Research Institute, a non-profit organization dedicated to children and learning.

At Viewpoints Research Institute he and his colleagues continue to explore advanced systems and programming design by aiming for a “Moore’s Law” advance in software creation of several orders of magnitude. Kay and Viewpoints are also deeply involved in the One Laptop Per Child initiative that seeks to create a Dynabook-like “$100 laptop” for every child in the world (especially in the 3rd world).

Outside of computing, Kay entered show business in the 50s as a professional jazz guitarist. Much of his subsequent work combined music and theatrical production. Today he is an avid amateur classical pipe organist.

Leonard Kleinrock

Professor Leonard Kleinrock is Distinguished Professor of Computer Science atUCLA. Known as a "Father of the Internet", he developed the mathematical theory of packet networks, the technology underpinning the Internet, while a graduate student at MIT. This was in the period 1960-1962, nearly a decade before the birth of the Internet which occurred in his laboratory when his Host computer at UCLA became the first node of the Internet in September 1969. He wrote the first paper and published the first book on the subject; he also directed the transmission of the first message ever to pass over the Internet. He was listed by the Los Angeles Times in 1999 as among the "50 People Who Most Influenced Business This Century". He was also listed as among the 33 most influential living Americans in the December 2006 Atlantic Monthly. Kleinrock's work was further recognized when he received the 2007 National Medal of Science, the highest honor for achievement in science bestowed by the President of the United States. This Medal was awarded "for fundamental contributions to the mathematical theory of modern data networks, for the functional specification of packet switching which is the foundation of the Internet Technology, for mentoring generations of students and for leading the commercialization of technologies that have transformed the world."

Leonard Kleinrock received his Ph.D. from MIT in 1963. He has served as a Professor of Computer Science at the University of California, Los Angeles since then, serving as Chairman of the department from 1991-1995. He received his BEE degree from CCNY in 1957. and his MS degree from MIT in 1959. He is also the recipient of a number of Honorary Doctorates across the world. He was the first President and Co-founder of Linkabit Corporation, the co-founder of Nomadix, Inc., and Founder and Chairman of TTI/Vanguard, an advanced technology forum organization. He has published over 250 papers and authored six books on a wide array of subjects, including packet switching networks, packet radio networks, local area networks, broadband networks, gigabit networks, nomadic computing, performance evaluation, and peer-to-peer networks. During his tenure at UCLA, Dr. Kleinrock has supervised the research for 47 Ph.D. students and numerous M.S. students. These former students now form a core group of the world's most advanced networking experts.

Dr. Kleinrock is a member of the National Academy of Engineering, a member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, anIEEE fellow, an ACM fellow, an INFORMS fellow, an IEC fellow a Guggenheim fellow, and a founding member of the Computer Science and Telecommunications Board of the National Research Council. Among his many honors, he is the recipient of the L.M. Ericsson Prize, the NAE Charles Stark Draper Prize, the Marconi International Fellowship Award, the Okawa Prize, the IEEE Internet Millennium Award, the ORSA Lanchester Prize, the ACM SIGCOMM Award, the NEC Computer and Communications Award, the Sigma Xi Monie A. Ferst Award, the CCNY Townsend Harris Medal, the CCNY Electrical Engineering Award, the UCLA Outstanding Faculty Member Award, the UCLA Distinguished Teaching Award, the UCLA Faculty Research Lecturer, the INFORMS President's Award, the ICC Prize Paper Award, the IEEE Leonard G. Abraham Prize Paper Award, and the IEEE Harry M. Goode Award

Joshua Kroll

Joshua Kroll is a senior at Harvard University where he studies Mathematics and Physics. Still, he likes to refer to himself as a "computer scientist in disguise." His interest in computing led him in high school to research projects on pseudo-random number generation and on cryptography. Ultimately, it led him to a job at the Naval Postgraduate School. There, he worked with Craig Martell, applying natural language processing techniques to the study of human gestures and endearing himself to students by solving the problems on their automata theory assignments.

Since then, he has worked on computer vision in underwater video at the Monterey Bay Aquarium Research Institute and failures in the domain name system at Akamai Technologies, Inc. He is also the president of the Harvard Computer Society, a student group dedicated to computer science awareness and the promotion of technology use at Harvard.

Craig Martell

Craig Martell received is Ph.D. in Computer Science in 2005 from the University of Pennsylvania. He has also done graduate work in Political Science, Philosophy and Logic. His major interests concern modeling how people communicate--both linguistically and non-linguistically. He has done extensive work in the analysis of gesture and is currently working on models of online chat.

He definitely sees Computer Science as, in part, a natural science. He is just not sure what the phenomena of this science actually are

Andrew McGettrick

Andrew McGettrick is a full professor in the Department of Computer and Information Sciences at the University of Strathclyde in Glasgow, Scotland where he has been Head of Department (on and off) for a period of about 15 years. His initial education was in pure mathematics; he has a PhD in Number Theory from Cambridge University in England. His research interests lie in the more formal side of software engineering and in computing education. In the general area of computing education, he has undertaken numerous activities including the benchmarking of undergraduate and Masters degree programs in Computing in the UK. He has also been involved with the ACM activities in providing curricular guidance in computer science, software engineering and computer engineering as well as the Overview volume. He is now Chair of the ACM Education Board and the ACM Education Council.

Jeff Moser

Jeff Moser is a Software Engineer at Interactive Intelligence (http://www.inin.com/), an enterprise telephony solutions company in Indianapolis, Indiana. He has also worked as a Software Engineer at Raytheon (http://www.raytheon.com) where he developed software for the V-22 and DDG 1000 programs. Prior to graduating, Jeff worked as a Software Engineer summer intern at Metron, Inc (http://www.metsci.com) where he wrote 3D visualization and simulation software for sea mine warfare countermeasures analysis. Jeff has been fascinated with computers and programming since his older sister introduced him to an Apple II when he was 8 years old. He is passionate about keeping current with software and technical best practices by tracking over 200 blog feeds, listening to podcasts, screencasts, and interviews with industry leaders, reading software related books, white papers, academic and commercial research papers, journals, and attending local user groups and forums. He went into Computer Science because of his fascination with the topic, a fascination that only continued to grow despite the Bubble bursting in his freshman year of college. He maintains a technical blog at http://www.moserware.com/. Jeff graduated with highest distinction from Purdue University in 2004 with a B.S. in Computer Science and Mathematics.

Peter G. Neumann

Peter G. Neumann has doctorates from Harvard and Darmstadt. After 10 years at Bell Labs in Murray Hill, New Jersey, in the 1960s, during which he was heavily involved in the Multics development jointly with MIT and Honeywell, he has been in SRI's Computer Science Lab since September 1971. He is concerned with computer systems and networks, trustworthiness/dependability, high assurance, security, reliability, survivability, safety, and many risks-related issues such as voting-system integrity, crypto policy, social implications, and human needs including privacy. He moderates the ACM Risks Forum, edits CACM's monthly Inside Risks column, chairs the ACM Committee on Computers and Public Policy, and chairs the National Committee for Voting Integrity (http://www.votingintegrity.org). He created ACM SIGSOFT's Software Engineering Notes in 1976, was its editor for 19 years, and still contributes the RISKS section. He is on the editorial board of IEEE Security and Privacy. He has participated in four studies for the National Academies of Science: Multilevel Data Management Security (1982), Computers at Risk (1991), Cryptography's Role in Securing the Information Society (1996), and Improving Cybersecurity for the 21st Century: Rationalizing the Agenda (2007). His 1995 book, Computer-Related Risks, is still timely. He is a Fellow of the ACM, IEEE, and AAAS, and is also an SRI Fellow. He received the National Computer System Security Award in 2002 and the ACM SIGSAC Outstanding Contributions Award in 2005. He is a member of the U.S. Government Accountability Office Executive Council on Information Management and Technology, and the California Office of Privacy Protection advisory council. He co-founded People for Internet Responsibility (PFIR, http://www.PFIR.org). He has taught courses at Darmstadt, Stanford, U.C. Berkeley, and the University of Maryland. See his website (http://www.csl.sri.com/neumann) for testimonies for the U.S. Senate and House and California state Senate and Legislature, papers, bibliography, further background, etc.

Richard Snodgrass

Richard T. Snodgrass joined the University of Arizona in 1989, where he is a Professor of Computer Science. He holds a B.A. degree in Physics from Carleton College and M.S. and Ph.D. degrees in Computer Science from Carnegie Mellon University. He is an ACM Fellow.

Richard Snodgrass co-chairs the ACM History Committee and serves on the ACM SIGMOD Advisory Board. He was Editor-in-Chief of the ACM Transactions on Database Systems from 2001 to 2007, was ACM SIGMOD Chair from 1997 to 2001, and has chaired the ACM Publications Board and the ACM SIG Governing Board Portal Committee. He served on the editorial boards of the International Journal on Very Large Databases and the IETransactions on Knowledge and Data Engineering. He chaired the Americas program committee for the 2001 International Conference on Very Large Databases and the program committee for the 1994 ACM SIGMOD Conference. He received the 2004 Outstanding Contribution to ACM Award and the 2002 ACM SIGMOD Contributions Award.

He chaired the TSQL2 Language Design Committee and edited the book, "The TSQL2 Temporal Query Language," published by Kluwer Academic Press. He authored "Developing Time-Oriented Database Applications in SQL," published by Morgan Kaufmann, was a co-author of "Advanced Database Systems," published by Morgan Kaufmann, and was a co-editor of "Temporal Databases: Theory, Design, and Implementation," published by Benjamin/Cummings. He co-directs TimeCenter, an international center for the support of temporal database applications on traditional and emerging DBMS technologies.

His research interests include the science of computing, temporal databases, query language design, query optimization and evaluation, storage structures and database design. His web page is at http://www.cs.arizona.edu/people/rts

Larry Snyder

Lawrence Snyder is a professor of Computer Science and Engineering at the University of Washington in Seattle. He received a BA from the University of Iowa in Mathematics and Economics, and his PhD from Carnegie Mellon University as a student of A. Nico Habermann. He has served on the faculties of Yale and Purdue, and has had visiting appointments at UW, Harvard, MIT, Sydney University, The Swiss Technological University (ETH), The University of Auckland and Kyoto University.

Throughout most of his career Snyder's research has focused on parallel computation, including architecture, algorithms and languages. In 1980 he invented programmable interconnect, a method to dynamically configure on-chip components, and a technology used today for FPGAs. In 1990 he was co-designer of Chaos Router, a randomizing adaptive packet router. He was principle investigator of the ZPL language design project, the first high-level parallel language to achieve "performance portability" across all parallel computer platforms.

Snyder is author of Fluency with Information Technology: Skills, Concepts and Capabilities, a textbook for non-techie college freshmen that teaches fundamental computing concepts; the book is in its third edition. With former PhD student Calvin Lin (UT Austin), he has written Principles of Parallel Programming, published in 2008.

In service, Snyder was a three-term member of the Computer Research Association Board of Directors, developing a series of best practices white papers. He chaired the NSF CISE Advisory Board as well as several CISE directorate oversight panels and numerous review panels. He has chaired two National Research Council studies, producing influential reports -- Academic Careers for Experimental Computer Scientists and Engineers and Being Fluent with Information Technology; he served three terms on NRC's Army Research Lab Technical Advisory Board. He serves on ACM's Education Board, has been general chair or program committee chair of several ACM and IEEE conferences. He is a fellow of both the ACM and IEEE.

His most important and rewarding accomplishment has been as adviser to 21 doctoral students.